Video: Analysis of emerging video codecs: coding tools, compression efficiency and complexity

There continues to be fervent activity in codec development and it’s widely expected that there won’t be a single successor to AVC (h.264). Vying for one of the spots is AV1 but also MPEG’s VVC.

In this talk at SMPTE 2018, Julien Le Tanou from MediaKind compares the coding tools used by VVC and AV1 and explains the methodology he uses to compare the two codecs. We see the increase in decoding time compared to HEVC required for VVC as well as the famously slow AV1. We also see the bitrate savings with VVC performing better.

Julien also presents subjective results which are not correlated to the objective results and explains reasons for this.

Watch now!

Speakers

Julien Le Tanou Julien Le Tanou
Senior Engineer, Video Compression,
MediaKind

Video: HEVC/H.265 Video Coding Standard

HEVC, also known as H.265 is often discussed even many years after its initial release fro MPEG with some saying that people aren’t using it and others saying its gaining traction. In reality, both sides have a point. Increasingly HEVC is being adopted partly because of wider implementation in products and partly because of a continued push toward higher resolution video which often gives the opportunity to make a clean break from AVC/H.264/MPEG 4.

This expert-led talk looks in detail at HEVC and how it’s constructed. For some, the initial part of the video will be enough. Others will want to bookmark the video to use as reference in their work, whilst still others will want to watch the whole things and will immediately find it puts parts of their work in better context.

Wherever you fit, I think you’ll agree this is a great resource for understanding HEVC streams enabling you to better troubleshoot problems.

Watch now!

Speakers

David Marpe David Marpe
Head of Department Video Coding & Analytics,
Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute
Karsten Suehring Karsten Suehring
Project Manager,
Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute
Benjamin Bross Benjamin Bross
Project Manager,
Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute
Dan Grois Dan Grois
Former Senior Researcher,
Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute

Video: VP9 Transcoding for Live eSports Broadcast

VP9 is a well-known codec, but it hasn’t seen many high-profile, live deployments which makes Twitch’s move to deliver their platform using VP9 in preference over AVC all the more interesting.

Here, Yueshi Shen from Twitch, explains the rationale for VP9 by explaining the scale of Twitch and looking at their AVC bitrate demands. He explains the patent issues with HEVC and VP9 then looks at decoder support across devices and platforms. Importantly, encoder implementation is examined leading to Twitch’s choice of FPGA to provide live encoding.

Yueshi then looks at the potential of AV1 to Switch_Frame to provide low-latency broadcast at scale.

Watch now!

Speaker

Yueshi Shen Yueshi Shen
Principal (Level 7) Research Engineer & Engineering Manager,
Twitch

Video: AV1 vs. HEVC: Perceptual Evaluation of Video Encoders

Zhou Wang explains how to compare HEVC & AVC with AV1 and shares his findings. Using various metrics such as VMAF, PSNR and SSIMPlus he explores the affects of resolution on bitrate savings and then turns his gaze to computation complexity.

This talk was given at the Mile High Video conference in Denver CO, 2018.

Speakers

Zhou Wang Zhou Wang
Chief Science Officer,
SSIMWAVE Inc.

[Video]: Video Compression 101

Jigsaw24’s Chief Engineer, Phil Crawley, explains video codecs from the fundamentals up. Codecs touch every part of the broadcast chain and are a vital part of the industry as much as of day to day life. So it’s worth brushing up or learning the basics to help you to fully understand what’s happening with today’s codecs, whether that be HEVC, AV1, JPEG XS or trusty MPEG4.

Phil covers:

  • Compressed and Uncompressed video & codecs
  • DCT Principles
  • Intra/Inter-frame compression
  • Acquisition Vs Editing Vs. Transmission codecs
  • Measuring compression effects
  • Codecs Vs File Formats & wrappers
  • Compression concatenation
  • MPEG4, H.264(AVC) & H.265(HEVC)

Watch now!

Want to take things further? Check out Harmonic’s Next-Gen Compression Techniques

Speaker

Phil Crawley Phil Crawley
Chief Engineer,
Jigsaw24

Video – Live Streaming with VP9 at Twitch TV

Tarek Amara from Twitch explains their move from a single codec (H.264) to multiple codecs in order to provide viewers an optimal viewing experience.

In this session, Tarek shares findings on VP9’s suitability for live streaming and the technical and industrial challenges such move involves. Covering:

  • VP9 encoding performance,
  • Device and player support,
  • Bandwidth savings,
  • The role of FPGAs
  • plus an overview of how the transcoding platform need to change to enable VP9 encoding and delivery at scale.

This presentation is from the Video Engineering Summit at Streaming Media West 2018.

Watch now!

Speaker

Tarek Amara Tarek Amara
Senior Video Specialist,
Twitch TV/Amazon

Video: Next-Generation Video Compression Techniques

Thierry Fautier, speaking at SMPTE 2017, explains the planned advances in Codecs for the next 5 years explaining the new techniques and likely future abilities of the different codecs. Based on his technical paper, Thierry explains efforts to ‘boost’ HEVC and, in the future JVET which complements his comprehensive look across VP9, HEVC, AVC, JVET and AV1.

Watch now!

Speaker


Thierry Fautier
Thierry Fautier
President-Chair at Ultra HD Forum & VP Video Strategy Harmonic

Video: IBC Tech Talks: Codec Wars

From IBC, this is an fantastic line-up of 6 experts in the field of codecs who dive deep into the pros and cons of AV1, HEVC and discuss alternative codecs.

Three papers are presented showing the reality of the AV1 implementation to date, why there’s promise and why we’re not there yet.

The event moves on to a panel session which digs deep into HEVC licensing, challenger Codecs such as XVC and PERSEUS, and much about UHD and HEVC adoption.

Watch now!

Featuring

Ben Keen Chair – Ben Keen
Analyst & Advisor – Technology, Media & Telecoms
Ian Trow Ian Trow
Presenting: AV1: Implementation, Performance and Applications
Consultant, Business Development & Technology
Jonatan Samuelsson Jonatan Samuelsson
Presenting: The XVC Video Codec – A Revolutionary Software-Defined Video Compression Format.
Co-founder and CEO
Divideon
Andre Dias Andre Dias
Presenting: An Overview of Recent Video Coding Developments in MPEG and AOMedia
R&D Engineer
BBC
Ken McCann
Ken McCann
Director
Zetacast
Philippe Keutgen Philippe Keutgen
Technology Transfer and Partnerships Manager
BBC
Thierry Fautier Thierry Fautier
Supporting Paper: Understanding the Video Codec Jungle: A Comparison of TCO and Compression Efficiency
UHDF President
Harmonic

Meeting: The IET President’s Address – A story of unseen engineering: digital TV compression

11th October 2018, 18:00 BST
Location: IET London, Savoy Place

Whilst many of us in the broadcast industry know current technology well, we would be wrong to overlook learning from the past and few can say we remember it all. This talk Former BT Chief Science Officer, Mike Carr, and current President of the IET promises to be a great reminder of the achievements of the past and why, for better or for worse, they have given us the technological landscape we work in today.

This Presidential address will overview the highlights and evolution of video compression engineering, starting with the relative simple schemes of the late 1970’s through to latest sophisticated techniques demonstrating how digital compression has played such a key part in enabling video as we use it today.

The talk is free to attend at Savoy Place, near Embankment, Central London. To register, you need to sign up for a free IET account. Following the talk is an optional paid dinner. Access to the talk is free and requires only registration!

Speaker:

Mike Carr (photo)

Mike is the former Chief Science Officer for BT and responsible for the company’s world-leading research and commercial exploitation unit, including patent licensing and corporate venturing activities

During his first 15 years with BT’s Labs his career has focused on the research, development and practical design of real-time audio/visual and multimedia communications systems.

He has several patents to his name in the field of video compression and is the holder of two prestigious BT awards; the Martlesham Medal for R&D (1992) and the BT Gold medal (1994) for leading multimedia product developments.

In 1998 he was elected President of the Digital Audio-Visual Council (DAVIC) a non-profit association based in Switzerland and representing 160 companies in more than 25 countries, focused on developing specifications for audio-visual systems. From 1999 Mike was based in Silicon Valley, California, USA where he established BT’s US Technology office and Corporate Venturing activity.

Mike is a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering. He received an OBE for “services to innovation” in 2017.

Webinar: Advanced Encoding & Transcoding with the Experts

Thursday 27th September 2018, 19:00 BST / 11am PT / 2pm ET

Encoding and transcoding are at the heart of every video service and solution, and the codec and format landscape has never been more crowded. Publishers are wringing the most efficiency out of H.264 while making the move to HEVC/H.265 and AV1—and keeping an eye on other proprietary codecs. On top of all that are considerations like video optimization, bitrate ladders, and per-title encoding.

Join this expert panel as they discuss the latest in encoding and transcoding, including the following:

  • The state of the art in encoding efficiency in 2018
  • How per-title encoding and machine learning can increase quality and decrease delivery costs
  • How to build flexible and cost-effective encoding solution
  • The latest developments in video encoding platforms and infrastructure
  • The benefits of contribution to distribution encoding and transcoding
  • The next big advances in encoding and transcoding, including AV1
MODERATOR PRESENTERS
headshot image image image
Troy Dreier
Editor
OnlineVideo.net
Richard Fliam
Solutions Architect
Bilmovin
Nick Chadwick
Software Engineer
MUX
Jiri Matela
CEO & Co-Founder
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