Video: ST 2110 – From Theory to Reality

Delivering an all-IP truck is no mean feat. tpc explains what they learnt, what went well and how they succeeded in delivering a truck which takes no longer to fire up than a traditional SDI truck.

A common questions among people considering a move to IP is ‘do I need to?’ and ‘how can I get ready?’. Here at The Broadcast Knowledge we always say ‘find a small project, get it working, learn what goes wrong and then plan the one you really wanted to do.’ The Swiss broadcasting service provider ‘Technology and Production Centre’, known as ‘tpc’, has done just that.

tpc is currently working on the Metechno project – a large all-IP news, sports and technology center for Swiss radio and television. In order to acquire necessary experience with the SMPTE ST 2110 standard, tpc designed the UHD1 OB van ahead of time which has been used in TV production for 6 months now. In this video, Andreas Lattmann shares the vision of the Metechno Project and, critically, his experiences related to the design and use of the truck.

The UHD1 is a 24-camera OB van with all IP core based on Arista switches with non-blocking architecture. It is the equivalent of an 184-square UHD SDI system however, it can be expanded by adding additional line cards to network switches. The truck is format agnostic, supporting both HD and UHD formats in HDR and SDR. IP gateways are incorporated for SDI equipment.

The SMPTE ST 2110 specification separates video and audio into discrete essence streams which boosts efficiency and flexibility, but we hear in this talk that more attention to latency (lip sync) is required compared to SDI systems. Andreas talks about the flexibility this truck provides with up-/down-conversion, color-correction for any video plus how IP has enabled full flexibility in what can be routed to the multiviewer screens.

Anderas spends some time discussing redundancy and how IP enables full redundancy – an improvement over many SDI infrastructures and how SMPTE’s ST 2022-7 standard makes this possible.

The main GUI is based on a Lawo VSM control system which aims to deliver a familiar experience for operators who used to work in the SDI domain. Network training has been provided for all operators because troubleshooting has changed significantly with the introduction of essences over IP. This is not least because NMOS IS-04 and 05 standards were not mature enough during design of the truck, so all IP connections had to be managed manually. With more than 50 thousand IP addresses in this system, AMWA’s NMOS IS-04 which manages discovery and registration and IS-05 which manages the setup and take-down of connections would have helped significantly in the lean management of the truck.

Lattmann emphasizes importance of using open standards like SMPTE ST 2110 instead of proprietary solutions. That allows you to choose the best components and not rely on a single manufacturer.

The learning’s the Andreas presents us involve difficulties with PTP, IP training, the benefits of flexibility. From a video point of view, Andreas presents his experiences with HDR->SDR workflows, focussing in HDR and UHD.

Watch now!

Speaker

Andreas Lattmann Andreas Lattmann
CTO, Head of Planning & Projects
tpc Switzerland AG

Video: Securing NMOS Apps

The still-growing NMOS suite of specifications from AMWA defines ways in which your IP network can find and register new devices plugged in to it (e.g. camera, microphone etc.), manage their connections and control them. They fit neatly along side the SMPTE ST 2110 suite of standards which define the way that the essences (video, audio, metadata) are sent over networks intended for professional media.

As such, they are core to a network and as the market for uncompressed media products matures, the attention is on the details such as whether they scale and security.

In this talk, Simon Rankine from BBC R&D starts by explaining the objectives which means looking at the different aspects of security which is split into three; securing data transfer, ensuring data goes to the right place, ensuring only authorised people can act.

TLS, standing for Transport Layer Security, is the same protocol used for secure websites; those which start with https://. It is also referred to by the name of the protocol it replaced, SSL. Given the NMOS APIs are sent over HTTP, TLS is a perfect match for the use case. TLS provides not only the ability to encrypt the connection but also provides the basis for certificate exchange which allows us trust that the data is being sent to the right place. Simon then covers ciphers and TLS versions before talking about certificate management.

This talk was given at the IP Showcase at NAB 2019.

Watch now!

Speaker

Simon Rankine Simon Rankine
Research Engineer,
BBC R&D

Video: A Basic Guide For Real-Time IP Video

There are a lot of videos looking into the details of uncompressed video over IP, but not many for those still starting out – and let’s face it, there are a lot of people who are only just embarking on this journey. Here, Andy Jones takes us through the real basics do prove very useful as a building block for understanding today’s IP technologies.

Andy Jones is well known by many broadcast engineers in the UK having spent many many years working in The BBC’s Training and Development department and subsequently running training for the IABM. The news that he passed away on Saturday is very saddening and I’m posting this video in recognition of the immense amount he has contributed to the industry through his years of tireless work. You can see from this video from NAB 2018 his passion, energy and ability to make complicated things simple.

In this talk, Andy looks at the different layers that networks operate on, including the physical layer i.e. the cables. This is because the different ways in which traffic gets from A to B in networking are interdependent and need to be considered as such. He looks at an example network which shows all the different standards in use in an IP network and talks about their relevance.

Andy briefly looks at IP addresses and the protocol that makes them work. This underpins much of what happens on most networks before looking at the Real-time Transport Protocol (RTP) which is heavily used for sending audio and video streams.

After looking at how timing is done in IP (as opposed to black and burst) he has laid enough foundations to look at SMPTE ST 2110 – the suite of standards which show how different media (essences) are sent in networks delivering uncompressed streams. AES67 for the audio is also looked at before how to control the whole kit and caboodle.

A great primer for those starting out, watch now!

Speaker

Andy Jones Andy Jones

Video: AMWA NMOS State of Play

With all the talk of the SMPTE ST 2110 standards suite, it’s sometimes forgotten that it only deals with content. If you want a working system, you’ll need to do a few more things – find new devices on the network, work out what they can do, control them, guarantee the bandwidth and often deal with metadata that arrives separately like tallies.

This is what the AMWA NMOS specifications do. Peter Brightwell and Thomas Edwards have been heavily involved in creating them and in this video lead us through what each one does and how they are used.

Watch now!

Speakers

Peter Brightwell Peter Brightwell
Lead Engineer,
BBC R&D
Thomas Edwards Thomas Edwards
VP Engineering & Development
Fox NEO

Video: Designing and Utilising SMPTE 2110 for Broadcast: Opportunities and Challenges

A meeting of experienced minds here at the Pittsburgh SMPTE section talking about the opportunities and challenges of ST-2110. Phil Myers from Lawo talks optimistically about the challenges that can and often have been solved in implementing 2110 whether that be network infrastructure or timing, giving a good primer on the whole topic as he starts the session.

Hugo Gaggioni from Sony, talks about NMOS, explaining what AMWA does and the difference between their IS-04,05 and 06 specifications.

Karl Kuhn from Tektronix then discusses packet pacing, PTP and network architectures. He then looks at how to monitor PTP and see it is working well.

With the panel session at the end, joined by Dan Turk from NEP, there is a free-ranging discussion covering some of the following topics:

  • Control of IP networks
  • The limits of IP
  • Multicast traffic
  • Network Architecture
  • True non-blocking switches
  • Break-even points of IP systems
  • Split essences & dropping blanking
  • Network planning for UHD
  • Handling loss of network on PTP implementations
    plus much more!

Watch now!

Speakers

Phil Myers Phil Myers
Senior Director, IP Systems,
Lawo
Karl Kuhn Karl Kuhn
Senior Field Video Applications Engineer,
Tektronix
Hugo Gaggioni Hugo Gaggioni
CTO, Broadcast and Production Systems Division
Sony
Dan Turk Dan Turk
Chief Engineer, Mobile Units
NEP

Video: ST 2110 over WAN

Andy Rayner from Nevion looks at using SMPTE ST 2110 on a Wide Area Network (WAN).

While using ST 2110 is a much discussed topic in the studio or within a building, there are extra difficulties in putting it between buildings, cities and countries with some saying it shouldn’t even be done. Here, Andy examines how you can do it whilst acknowledging the industry still has some decisions to make.

Topics discussed include:

  • SMPTE ST 2022-7 – dual flows
  • FEC use on ST 2110
  • Flow Trunking
  • Conversions to and from 2110 and 2022-6
  • Light/Mezzanine Compression
  • PTP Trunking and GPS-locked PTP
  • Multiple Timing Domains
  • Discovery & Control between buildings

Watch now!

Speaker

Andy Rayner Andy Rayner,
Chief Technologist,
Nevion

Video: Uncompressed IP Video Basics

Top training here from Ed Calverly on the basics needed to understand uncompressed video. Presented at the IBC 2018 IP Showcase courtesy of the VSF.

Ed delves just far enough into the detail to tease out the important points of video over IP:

  • The need for timing
  • The legacy of blanking
  • Carrying data (VANC, HANC, Embedded audio etc.)
  • Benefits of splitting essences
  • TCP Vs UDP
  • Subnets and Routing
  • Multicast (i.e. IGMPv2 & v3)
  • PTP & SMPTE 2059
  • 2022-6, 2110, NMOS
  • Traffic Shaping: Narrow & Wide senders

Watch now!

Speaker


Ed Calverly
Ed Calverly
Professional Trainer for the Broadcast Industry,
Freelance

Video: BBC Wales Cardiff Project Update

The BBC’s Mark Patrick talks about the BBC’s move not only of their Welsh HQ but of their move from SDI to IP. Covering the reasons for the move, the architectures they are implementing and how they are mitigating the risks, this is a great real-world example of implementing SMPTE ST 2110.

From IBC’s IP Showcase, Mark explains the interoperability work they are doing and critically how they have approached testing. In large systems and with IT-based systems Mark explains it’s imperative to have repeatable, structured and where possible automated acceptance testing which is a big change in the way we do things in the industry.

Mark also covers training, audio issues, timing incompatibilities and control of the system with NMOS to round off a great, pragmatic overview of this ST 2110 project.

Watch now!
Download the PDF of this presentation

Speaker

Mark Patrick Mark Patrick
Lead Architect,
BBC

Meeting: Further adventures in the world of IP: SMPTE2110 and NMOS


Learn what the SMPTE 2110 standards are and how they affect the future of professional media over IP networks with our speakers David Atkins and Ed Calverley. Now at a bigger venue, David and Ed will highlight areas that need further work and possible approaches that could taken to further advance progress. As a pioneer in IP-based production, Suitcase TV will share its ongoing experiences, both good and bad, of using IP with broadcast signals and look at why it is worth the pain.

  • What has changed in the past 12 months?
  • What new opportunities can we as an industry take from the standards?
  • What new developments are now possible?

Ample time will be available for discussion so bring your experiences, questions and answers.

Date: 13th March 2018, 18:00 for ample refreshments 18:30 start. 20:45 close.
Location: Ipswich Waterfront Innovation Centre (IWIC), The Atrium, University of Suffolk, 19 Neptune Quay, IPSWICH, IP1 1QJ

Travel: From London Liverpool Street, there are multiple trains every hour. 16:40 departure is recommended to arrive at IWIC by 6pm. Full Travel info

Register now – registration ends soon.

Meeting: AES67 audio over IP within SMPTE ST-2110

Date:Thursday, November 16, 2017 – 18:00 to 20:30
Location: Universisty of Surrey, Wates House, GU2 7XH, Guildford Map

Peter Stevens (BBC R&D) will cover AES67 and its background development within AES and how it is connected as a audio elements within SMPTE 2110. The basic operational principles of AES67 will be described in relation to its various technology components and history of audio over IP. It will conclude with a brief look at the plugfests that have taken place, along with some examples of use within broadcasting.

There is be an introduction by Tony Orme (Uni of Surrey) covering the structure of ST 2110 and its relationship with ST 2057 PTP and discovery etc. like NMOS and how it differs fundamentally from ST 2022-6 and SDI with embeded audio.

Register