The transition from point-to-point SDI based infrastructure to IP essence flows requires a very different approach to fault-finding. Although new IP diagnostic tools are already available on the market, engineers need combined broadcast and IT knowledge to fully understand the flow of video, audio and data across the switching fabric – including packet jitter, latency, and buffer over/underflows causing dropped packets.
In this video Michael Waidson from Tektronix presents methodologies involved in monitoring IP media networks. The following topics are covered:
Strategies for choosing IP Address, Port Number and Payload Type for easier identification of the streams
Troubleshooting basics (fibres and SFPs types, checking switch ports)
PTP and uncompressed video go hand in hand so this primer on ST 2022 and ST 2110 followed by a PTP deep dive is a great way to gain your footing in the uncompressed world.
In the longest video yet on The Broadcast Knowledge, Steve Holmes on behalf of Tektronix delivers two talks and a practical demo for the SMPTE San Francisco section where he introduces the reasons for and solutions to uncompressed video and goes through the key standards and technologies from ST 2022, those being -6 video and -7 seamless switching plus the major parts of ST 2110, those being timing, video, audio and metadata.
After that, at the 47 minute mark, Steve introduces the need for PTP by reference to black and burst, and goes on to explain how SMPTE’s ST2059 brings PTP into the broadcast domain and helps us synchronise uncompressed essences. He covered how PTP actually works, boundary clocks, Grandmaster/Master/Slave clocks and everything else you need to understand the system,
This video finishes with plenty of questions plus a look at the GUI of measurement equipment showing PTP in real life.
With the SMPTE 2110 suite of standards largely published and the related AMWA IS-04 and -05 specifications stable, people’s minds are turning to how to implement all these standards bringing them together into a complete working system.
The JT-NM TR-1001-1 is a technical recommendation document which describes a way of documenting how the system will work – for instance how do new devices on the network start up? How do they know what PTP domain is in use on the network?
John Mailhot starts by giving an overview of the standards and documents available, showing which ones are published and which are still in progress. He then looks at each of them in turn to summarise its use on the network and how it fits in to the system as a whole.
Once the groundwork is laid, we see how the JT-NM working group have looked at 5 major behaviours and what they have recommended for making them work in a scalable way. These cover things like DNS discovery, automated multicast address allocation and other considerations.
Peter Schut is back in the sixth webinar in Axon’s Broadcast IP 101 series, this time examining timing, namely PTP, for professional essence-over-IP systems such as based on SMPTE ST 2110.
Timing needs to be rock solid in studio settings where many signals are mixed together, so your PTP system needs to be too. SMPTE 2059-2 standardises the use of PTP timecode (IEEE 1588) in broadcast. It’s important to understand how master clocks and slave clocks work, plus there is talk of ‘transparent’ and ‘boundary’ clocks in switches. Getting the architecture right is key remembering that one important different between IP timekeeping and black and burst time keeping is that the communication is two-way.
Peter gives us the benefit of his experience and insight into getting timing right in two sessions, one morning, one evening.